By Smith E. H.

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In 2001, Greece opened the market NEHA (or NEXA) for innovative companies. In Eastern Europe, Poland opened a segment in the Warsaw Exchange for technology firms (SiTECH) in 2000. New markets have been established outside Europe as well. In November 1999 Japan established an exchange for entrepreneurial start-ups (Mothers) as well as Singapore (SESDAQ), Hong Kong (Growth Enterprise Market), Brazil (Novo Mercado) and the Vancouver Exchange in Canada (Canadian Venture Exchange). 4. CONCLUDING REMARKS In 1996, the lack of an early exit route for venture capitalists from youngtechnology based companies was described as the Achilles’ heel of Europe (Financial Times, March 5 1996).

Afterwards, the network has been joined also by the German and Italian new markets, but the substantial failure of the objective to establish a pan-European exchange caused its abandonment, leaving full autonomy to single national new markets. A further obstacle towards the integration has been the establishment of the Euronext alliance in September 2000, grouping the exchanges in Paris, Amsterdam and Brussels, and later Lisbon. In the context of the restructuring plan of the merged exchanges, the largest companies listed on the respective new markets from January 2002 have been included in the NextEconomy segment (designed for high-tech companies) and in the NextPrime segment (designed for growth companies in traditional business).

Fig. 7. EASDAQ/NASDAQ Europe. Venture Capital and New Stock Markets in Europe 19 NASDAQ Europe clearly failed its objective to build a cross-national exchange, and to provide visibility to foreign investors for their firms. The success of the national new markets demonstrated that a single pan-European exchange would remain a distant vision. The most striking evidence is the number of listed firms that chose to de-list from the NASDAQ Europe in 2001 and 2002 and to concentrate the trading in their national exchanges (for example, the companies AISoftw@re, Innogenetics, Ubizen, Melexis).

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