By Robert Carlson
The sequence builds an in depth number of prime quality descriptions of languages all over the world. each one quantity bargains a accomplished grammatical description of a unmarried language including absolutely analyzed pattern texts and, if applicable, a glossary and different correct details that's on hand at the language in query. There are not any regulations as to language kin or zone, and even supposing precise recognition is paid to hitherto undescribed languages, new and priceless remedies of higher identified languages also are incorporated. No theoretical version is imposed at the authors; the one criterion is a excessive typical of clinical caliber.
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Additional info for A Grammar of Supyire
Is likewise a marginal phoneme. It is limited to intervocalic environments, and may only follow a short, stressed vowel. Furthermore, this vowel must be low (/ε/, /a/, or /a/), a restriction which leads to widespread diphthongization in morphological processes as will be described below. Many, perhaps most, glottal stops in Supyire are reflexes of earlier /g/. g. i] 'gender 3 plural'. g. ) Five processes affecting stops will now be examined in turn. 1. Flapping /d/ and /g/ in unstressed, non-initial syllables (and not preceded by a nasal) become flaps or taps.
This means, in general, only once per root. The other restriction in effect in Cebaara, namely that secondary release does not occur with approximants or nasals, is not valid for Supyire. There is evidence that Supyire inherited some of its secondary release from the parent language (cf. Cebaara pye, Supyire pyi 'do'). It has also innovated extensively, however. 1. Consonants 21 secondary release + V. 17 Front vowels (including /a/) became [yV] and back vowels became [wV], The [y] and the [w] are currently in various stages of fusion with the preceding consonant.
Bahouse + -ke bdgke DEF(G2S) 'the baboon' -ke bag6 'the house' ['baRe] (6) gender 4 definite: -te a. kddN- + cotton b. kyara meat + -te DEF(G4) -te köönte 'the cotton' kyaäre /kyaäde/ ['kxa:re] 'the meat' Clitics may also undergo voicing. Individual clitics and speakers differ among themselves in behavior. For example the clause final subordinator k6 (which marks relative clauses, adverbial time clauses, and locative questions) is almost always voiced (and flapped) by some speakers except when it follows a word ending in an unstressed /gV/.