By World Bank

With virtually part the world¡¯s inhabitants, Asia will be sure the way forward for the worldwide HIV/AIDS pandemic. there's a major hazard of a large-scale HIV/AIDS epidemic within the zone. and plenty of nations have already started the struggle: classes were discovered in a number of contexts, together with reviews from Thailand, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. Governments, civil society, and different companions are key gamers during this reaction. besides the fact that, with new equipment of investment, problems with ability, and an evolving epidemic, responses needs to have in mind 5 key demanding situations: political dedication and multisectoral help; public well-being surveillance and tracking and evaluate; prevention; care, help, and therapy; and health and wellbeing companies supply.

Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific identifies innovations for the way the area financial institution, in shut partnership with executive, civil society and different companions, may also help within the reaction on the nation and nearby degrees. It stresses the necessity for state particular thoughts to deal with the variety of matters in the zone and highlights the significance of analytic and advisory paintings during this region to aid ongoing and deliberate courses in addition to skill construction efforts.

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Extra resources for Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific

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HIV/AIDS not only leaves children without families, it also strains education systems, weakening demand, eroding quality, widening the gender gap, and increasing sector costs (World Bank 2002). If the epidemic grows in EAP, the rising numbers of AIDS orphans will have a lasting effect on the region. In addition, young women are especially vulnerable to HIV/AIDS. This and other gender dimensions of the epidemic must also be addressed. The good news, however, is that the HIV/AIDS epidemic can be controlled.

NGOs were generally too small and without the necessary experience to carry out complex interventions. Capacity for surveillance activities, particularly behavioral surveillance, was also limited, though the project did develop laboratory infrastructure for surveillance. As HIV prevalence remained low and the predicted epidemic did not materialize, sustaining the political commitment to develop innovative multisectoral interventions for vulnerable groups became more difficult. Current National Responses to HIV/AIDS • 25 Box 2 Interactions Between HIV/AIDS and the Capacity of Health Systems: SARS as a Case Study In several countries in the region, HIV/AIDS is straining health systems.

With the increased emphasis on partnerships, different models to support HIV/AIDS work can be developed. World Bank in Relation to Other Donors Because the groups involved in the fight against HIV/AIDS have been changing rapidly, it is important to review the sources of support to identify 40 • Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific gaps and decrease duplication. Though the World Bank is one of the region’s largest single financiers of HIV/AIDS programs, it will soon be displaced by the GFATM, which has committed over $400 million for the next 5 years.

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