By Ignacio Bosque
The booklet starts through summarizing, commenting on, and comparing earlier descriptive and theoretical contributions on Spanish exclamatives. This introductory evaluation additionally features a designated type of Spanish exclamative grammatical forms, besides an research in their major properties. Special realization is dedicated within the booklet throughoutto the syntactic buildings displayed through exclamative styles; the variations among exclamations and different speech acts (specifically questions and imperatives); the ordinary semantic denotation of exclamative phrases and their dating to quantifiers denoting excessive measure; the semantics of adjectives and adverbs expressing severe overview; the shape and interpretation of negated and embedded exclamatives; the homes of optative utterances; and the various ways that expressive contents are relating to unforeseen reactions of the speaker, in addition to attainable wisdom shared by means of interlocutors.
This groundbreaking quantity offers a complete and exact photograph of Spanish exclamation by means of integrating its a number of part parts.
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Extra info for Advances in the Analysis of Spanish Exclamatives
BINOMIAL EXCLAMATIVES Binomial exclamatives (BEs) may also be called “two-â•‰membered” (Sp. bimembres). They are further called “verbless clauses,” as in Gutiérrez-â•‰Rexach and González-â•‰Rivera (2013, 2014) or Munaro (2006). BEs are predicational Spanish Exclamatives in Perspectiveâ•… • â•… 33 exclamatives containing a subject and a predicate. ¡Un poco aburrido, tu amigo! ¡A la horca con ellos! ¡Las patatas, que se queman! ‘The potatoes! ¡Las maletas, junto al sofá! ’ As can be seen in (52), predicates precede subjects in types (52a) to (52c), but follow them in the rest.
Rett (2009) argues that how questions may ask about either manner or evaluation, as in How does Buck ride his horse? ” On the contrary, exclamative-â•‰how only allows for the second reading. See also Wiese (2003) and Gutiérrez-â•‰Rexach and Andueza (this volume) on this difference. We might add that “how” and “how much” exclamatives do not seem to be able to differentiate these two interpretations in some situations: if extreme manners of doing something exist, then the pragmatic scales relevant to identify them may not be distinguished from the values provided by adverbs denoting highest or lowest grades for event evaluation according Spanish Exclamatives in Perspectiveâ•… • â•… 41 to properness or standardness.
Bien que te has divertido (*bastante)! ’ QD effects may be captured either by overt movement of these emphatic particles from low degree projections (which amounts to taking them as proper degree quantifiers) or by associating them with operators binding degree variables at some distance in local environments. 8 8. In any case, there is no consensus on what exclamative particles compose this paradigm. Ya seems to be a good candidate, but it does not exhibit QD effects, as shown in (ia). Vaya is another potential candidate.