Discussions on akrasia (lack of keep watch over, or weak spot of will) in Greek philosophy were particularily bright and severe for the earlier twenty years. general tales that offered Socrates because the thinker who easily denied the phenomenon, and Plato and Aristotle as rehabilitating it straightforwardly opposed to Socrates, were challenged in lots of alternative ways. development on these demanding situations, this collective offers new, and in certain cases hostile methods of analyzing recognized in addition to extra ignored texts. Its thirteen contributions, written through specialists within the box, conceal the entire background of Greek ethics, from Socrates to Plotinus, via Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics (Cleanthes, Chrysippus, Epictetus).
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Additional info for Akrasia in Greek Philosophy. From Socrates to Plotinus
That other Socrates claimed that what 18 At Republic IV, 438a–439b Socrates argues specifically that there are desires (‘appetites’) that are not good-directed (cf. n. 8 above): ‘Therefore, let no one catch us unprepared or disturb us by claiming that no one has an appetite for drink but rather good drink, nor food but good food, on the grounds that everyone after all has appetite for [‘desires’: epithumei ] good things, so that if thirst is an appetite, it will be an appetite for good drink .
What the traditionalist must insist upon, however, is that such inner events, which is what Socrates is in the Charmides calling epithumiai, themselves have no causal powers whatsoever. Taken in isolation of any beliefs we already possess about their value, they are utterly inert. So though it is true, traditionalists may argue, that Socrates recognizes something he called epithumia, it is not anything like a species of desire in the ordinary sense. But the traditionalist cannot escape so easily.
We can make good sense of the additional power of the metrêtikê technê, the power to produce peace of mind, only if the Socratic knower’s epithumia is weak and, thus, disposed to fall in line with knowledge of what is best. 3. An Objection Considered At this point someone might object that if our view were correct, Socrates would have no reason to refer to moral knowledge as the metrêtikê technê, the craft of measurement. It is clear in the Protagoras that Socrates thinks that moral knowledge judges appearances.