By Ivan Waddington
Why do many athletes possibility their careers through taking performance-enhancing medicines? Do the hugely aggressive pressures of elite activities educate athletes to win at any price?
An advent to medicines in Sport presents an in depth and systematic exam of drug use in recreation and makes an attempt to give an explanation for why athletes have, over the past 4 many years, more and more used performance-enhancing medications. It deals a severe evaluation of the foremost theories of drug use in recreation, and offers a close research of the involvement of activities physicians within the improvement and use of performance-enhancing medicines. concentrating on drug use inside elite activity, the ebook deals an in-depth exam of vital modern topics and matters, including:
- the heritage of gear in activity and altering styles of use
- fair play, dishonest and the вЂspirit of sportвЂ™
- WADA and the way forward for anti-doping policy
- drug use in specialist soccer and cycling
- sociological enquiry and the issues of learning medications in sport.
Designed to assist scholars discover and comprehend this challenging quarter of analysis in game stories, and richly illustrated all through with case reports and empirical facts, An creation to medicines in Sport is a useful addition to the literature. it truly is crucial interpreting for anyone with an curiosity within the courting among medications, game and society.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Drugs in Sport: Addicted to Winning?
Not only are there major health risks associated with elite sport but it is also clear that athletes are expected to take serious – and arguably unnecessary – risks with their health, for there are considerable pressures on athletes to continue to compete when injured and in pain; as Roderick (1998) has noted, an important aspect of sporting culture at the elite or professional level involves a ‘culture of risk’, which ‘normalizes pain, injuries, and “playing hurt”’. Sport, health and drugs 29 Examples of athletes who have continued to compete with painful and potentially serious injuries are almost innumerable (Murphy and Waddington, 2007).
Since this point is of some relevance for understanding the broader social context of the medical arguments in relation to drug use in sport, it is worth examining in a little more detail. The point may, perhaps, be most clearly illustrated by reference to the work of Norbert Elias, on which Goudsblom has drawn. In The Civilizing Process Elias analyzes the development and elaboration over several centuries of a variety of rules of conduct relating to bodily functions such as eating, drinking, nose-blowing and spitting.
In Britain, athletes have since the early 1990s been tested for marijuana and in 1996 the Sports Council expressed concern at the growing number of athletes testing positive for marijuana. In 1992–93 and in 1993–94 there were just two positive tests each year in Britain for marijuana use, but in 1994–95 the ﬁgure increased to ten and there were a further ten positive tests in 1995–96. In the annual report from its Doping Control Service in 1996, the council held that the ‘increasing number of ﬁndings of social drugs is of concern and will require further eﬀorts in drug prevention partnerships to address the problem’ (Sports Council, 1996b: 26).