By De Lacy O'Leary

Well-documented research of the mutual impression of Arabic and Western worlds throughout the heart a long time lines the transmission of Greek philosophy and technological know-how to the Islamic cultures. a desirable portrait of medieval Muslim notion, it illustrates commonalities with Judaic and Christian teachings in addition to issues of divergence.

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529. of this school of the medical school at Alexandria established a regular course of education for the training of medical practitioners, and for this purpose selected sixteen some of which were re-edited in an abridged form, and were made the subject of regular explanatory lectures. At the same time the school became a centre of original research, not only in works of Galen, medicine, but also in chemistry and other branches ol ARABIC THOUGHT IN HISTORY 40 Thus, on the eve of the Muslim conquest Alexandria had become a great home of To some extent this was unscientific enquiry.

Of the Umayyads and combined When the oppressive control was lifted and the native population came again to its own, we can hardly wonder that this meant a revival of Hellenism. We have already mentioned I has teacher of into Persia Barsuma who (d. 457) as the led the Nestorian migration and re-opened the school of Nisibis. This Ibas had been the great luminary of the school of its last days and seems to have been the first Edessa in to make a Syriac translation of Porphyry's Isagoge, the recognised manual of logic preparatory to ArisThis shows that logic had been totle's Organon.

Cannot be is confined to activities much more than a list of Commentary and essay might indeed open up but nothing of the sort appears it seems as though the in this type of Syriac work provincialism which followed severance from the a field of originality, : Greek world brought that, although seem more ment, never in narrowing restrictions so we get able and diligent workers, they able to advance beyond re- stateor less accurate, of results already achieved. Besides philosophy and theology we find a con- THE SYRIAC VERSION OF HELLENISM 39 and the two sciences of chemistry and astronomy which were treated as allied to it, for astronomy, regarded from the astrological point of view, was supposed to be closely associated with the conditions of life and death, of siderable interest in medicine Medical studies were especially attached to the school of Alexandria.

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