By Michael Geyer, Sheila Fitzpatrick
In essays written together by way of experts on Soviet and German background, the individuals to this e-book reconsider and transform the character of Stalinism and Nazism and determine a brand new technique for viewing their histories that is going well past the now-outdated twentieth-century versions of totalitarianism, ideology, and character. Doing the hard work of comparability offers us the capability to envision the historicity of the 2 awesome regimes and the wreckage they've got left. With the top of the chilly battle and the cave in of the Soviet Union, students of Europe are not any longer careworn with the political luggage that constricted learn and conditioned interpretation and feature entry to hitherto closed documents. The time is true for a clean examine the 2 tremendous dictatorships of the 20th century and for a go back to the unique reason of concept on totalitarian regimes - knowing the intertwined trajectories of socialism and nationalism in eu and international heritage.
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Extra resources for Beyond totalitarianism: Stalinism and Nazism compared
For if the totalitarian presumption of sameness is gone, the phenomenon of twentieth-century tyrannical rule is as urgent as ever – but, unfortunately, in knowing more about each regime, it turns out that we know altogether less about the nature of their rule. On a third level, questions of historical or diachronic context surfaced prominently, although the editors did their best to hold the contributors to a rather narrow focus on the thirties and forties – and, thus, to button down this level of analysis as far as possible.
83 Overall, it makes sense to put this issue to the test and see what the new departures will yield in terms of a scholarship of integration. Hence, rather than affirming or debunking the latest wave of inquiries, we thought that we 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 Karl Mannheim, Man and Society in the Age of Reconstruction: Studies in Modern Social Structure (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1940). The intellectual tradition of thinking about dictatorship and tyranny is eminent and deserves separate treatment.
If contemporaries agreed that it was a time of exceptional and exceptionally violent regimes, the resultant bias of participants was to think in terms of thirty years of war and revolution that climaxed in Stalinism and Nazism. Fourth, the project of comparison is never neutral. As discussed above, comparison has been used time and again to justify the other regimes’ actions or a third-party (American) intervention. The noxious popular and historiographical (mis)use of the other(s) as self-exculpation was on everyone’s mind, although it rarely entered the debate.